Author Guidelines

  • Instructions for Authors

    1.     Submission Checklist

    Please ensure that you have completed the following before submitting your manuscript to the Al-Khwarizmi Engineering Journal:

    1. Familiarize yourself with the Aims and Scope of the journal to determine if your manuscript is suitable for publication.
    2. Utilize the provided Microsoft Word template to format your manuscript. You can access the template at the "".
    3. Address the following issues regarding publication ethics, copyright, authorship, figure formats, data, and references:
    4. Publication Ethics: Ensure that your research adheres to ethical standards.
    5. Copyright: Confirm that you have obtained the necessary permissions and have appropriately attributed any copyrighted material.
    6. Authorship: Include all eligible co-authors in the author list and ensure they have read and approved the submitted version.
    7. Figure Formats: Use appropriate formats for figures and ensure they are high quality.
    8. Data: Provide full experimental details and make complete datasets available when possible.
    9. References Format: Follow the prescribed format for references.

    2.     Manuscript Submission Overview

    Types of Publications

    Al-Khwarizmi Engineering Journal requires manuscripts to be no longer than 15 pages, provided the information is comprehensive and understandable. For the results to be reproducible, the necessary experimental information must be provided. Authors must publish all experimental controls in the Al-Khwarizmi Engineering Journal and, whenever practical, make complete datasets accessible.

    Both previously published work and work that is being considered for publication in another journal should not be included in manuscripts submitted to Al-Khwarizmi Engineering Journal. The following are the primary article types:

    • Articles: The journal will only consider original research manuscripts for publications and substantially add new knowledge in order for the journal to evaluate it. Peer review will take the study's quality and impact into account.
    • Reviews: These offer succinct and accurate updates on the most recent developments in a particular field of research. The PRISMA recommendations should be followed by systematic reviews. A Review should be longer than 15 journal pages, on average.
    1. Submission Process

    To submit your manuscript to the Al-Khwarizmi Engineering Journal, please follow these steps:

    1. Access the online submission system at


    1. The submitting author, usually the corresponding author, is responsible for the manuscript throughout the submission and peer-review process.
    2. Ensure that all eligible co-authors are included in the author list and that they have read and approved the submitted version.
    3. Register and log in to the submission system at



    4.     Accepted File Formats

    Authors are requested to prepare their manuscripts using the Microsoft Word template found at . Making use of the template file will significantly reduce the time it takes to finish copy-editing and publish accepted papers. These file types are recognized:

    • Microsoft Word: Before submitting, all manuscripts created in Microsoft Word must be combined into a single file. We recommend using the Al-Khwarizmi Engineering Journal Microsoft Word template file while creating manuscripts in this program. Please place your images (schemes, figures, etc.) within the manuscript's body text

    5.     Free Format Submission

    The Al-Khwarizmi Engineering Journal now accepts submissions in free format:

    • Although there are no strict formatting requirements, all manuscripts must include the following sections: Author Information, Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Materials & Methods, Results, Conclusions, Figures and Tables with Captions, references, as well as the title and abstract with the authors' information in Arabic at the end of the manuscript.
    • You can use any style for your references as long as you format everything consistently. The names of the author(s), the title of the journal or book, the title of the article or chapter (if necessary), the volume, issue, and pagination, as well as the year of publication, must all be included. DOI (Digital Object Identifier) numbers are not required but strongly recommended. It is advised to use the bibliographical software suites EndNote, Mendeley, and Reference Manager. See example at ””.


    • When your manuscript is ready for editing, you will be asked to style it in accordance with the journal's requirements.

    6.     Manuscript Preparation

    General Considerations

    Included in research manuscripts should be:

    • Headings: Title, Author list, Affiliates, Abstract, Keywords.
    • Research manuscript sections: Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusions
    • Back matter: Supplementary Materials, Acknowledgments, Author Contributions, Conflicts of Interest (optional).,
    • References.


    • Review manuscripts should include parts for the literature review and the back matter. The front and back matter of your review document can also be created using the template file. The remaining organization need not be adhered to. Meta-analyses and structured reviews must adhere to the "PRISMA" standards and follow the same format as research publications.
    • Acronyms/Abbreviations/Initialisms The first time they appear in each of the three sections—the abstract, the body of text, and the first figure or table—they should be defined. The acronym, abbreviation, or initialism should be inserted in parentheses following the written-out form when being defined for the first time.
    • SI Units (International System of Units) must be applied. When possible, units such as imperial, US customary, and others should be translated to SI units.
    • Equations: Please use either the MathType add-on or the Microsoft Equation Editor if you are using Word. Equations shouldn't be displayed in a pictorial format but rather be modifiable by the editorial staff.
    • Research Data and supplementary materials: Remember that making your manuscript open to readers implies that you must make all resources, data, and processes related to the publishing accessible to readers. Any limitations on the accessibility of the materials or information should be disclosed at the submission stage.
    • Title: Your manuscript's title should be brief, precise, and pertinent. Please refrain from using titles that have been shortened or abbreviated, such as running titles or heads. Our Editorial Office will take these down.
    • Author List and Affiliations: The whole first and last names of the authors must be given. Any middle name's initials may be inserted. The full address, including the city and country. The corresponding author should be identified as at least one author. On articles that are published, the email addresses of all authors will be visible. The corresponding author is in charge of making sure that each author has given their permission for email addresses to be shown. Updates to author names or affiliations might not be allowed once a submission has been accepted.
    • Abstract: The maximum word count for the abstract is 200. The abstract should be one paragraph long and written in structured abstract format. Please stick to the order of statements that is shown in the template.
    • Keywords: After the abstract, three to seven relevant keywords should be added. We advise using keywords that are relevant to the post while still being quite widespread in the field.

    Research Manuscript Sections

    • Introduction: The introduction should be briefly described in the beginning along with its significance. It should specify the work's significance and goal, as well as the precise hypotheses it is testing. Key papers should be referenced, and a thorough analysis of the state of the research field should be conducted. When appropriate, please emphasize disputable and divergent hypotheses. Finally, briefly state the primary goal of the study and highlight the key findings. Keep the introduction simple enough for scientists working in unrelated fields to understand.
    • Materials and Methods: They should be presented in enough detail to enable others to duplicate and expand on previously published findings. While well-established procedures can be quickly presented and properly cited, new protocols and methods should be described in full. Indicate the brand and version of any program that was used, and state whether the source code was made accessible.
    • Results: Give a succinct and accurate account of the experimental findings, their interpretation, and any possible experimental inferences.
    • Discussion: In light of earlier research and the working hypotheses, authors should discuss the findings and how they can be interpreted. The work's limitations should be emphasized, and the findings and their consequences should be discussed in the broadest context feasible. The directions for future study may also be indicated. Results and this section could be combined.
    • Conclusions: The results can be thoroughly discussed in this part, which can be added to the manuscript.
    • References: References must be listed separately at the end of the document and numbered in the order that they occur in the text. To prevent typing errors and duplicate references, we advise creating the references using a bibliography software program, such as EndNote or Mendeley. Use the reference format provided.


    [1]  A. Haider and A. Koronios, "Promises Of Open Source Software For Australian Government Agencies-An Exploratory Study," PACIS 2009 Proceedings, p. 16, 2009.

    [2] L. Morgan and P. Finnegan, "How perceptions of open source software influence adoption: An exploratory study," 2007.

    [3] Yusmadi Yah Jusoh, Khadijah Chamili, Jamaiah H Yahaya, and Noraini Che Pa, “The selection criteria of open source software adoption in Malaysia,” Int. J. Adv. Comput. Technol., vol. 4, no. 21, pp. 278–287, 2012.

    [4] R. Vinayakumar, M. Alazab, K. P. Soman, P. Poornachandran, A. Al-Nemrat, and S. Venkatraman, “Deep Learning Approach for Intelligent Intrusion Detection System,” IEEE Access, vol. 7, pp. 41525–41550, 2019, doi: 10.1109/ACCESS.2019.2895334.

    [5] K. Sivaraman, R. M. V. Krishnan, B. Sundarraj, and S. Sri Gowthem, “Network failure detection and diagnosis by analyzing syslog and SNS data: Applying big data analysis to network operations,” Int. J. Innov. Technol. Explor. Eng., vol. 8, no. 9 Special Issue 3, pp. 883–887, 2019, doi: 10.35940/ijitee.I3187.0789S319.

    [6] A. D. Dwivedi, G. Srivastava, S. Dhar, and R. Singh, “A decentralized privacy-preserving healthcare blockchain for IoT,” Sensors (Switzerland), vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 1–17, 2019, doi: 10.3390/s19020326.

    [7] F. Al-Turjman, H. Zahmatkesh, and L. Mostarda, “Quantifying uncertainty in internet of medical things and big-data services using intelligence and deep learning,” IEEE Access, vol. 7, pp. 115749–115759, 2019, doi: 10.1109/ACCESS.2019.2931637.

    [8] S. Kumar and M. Singh, “Big data analytics for healthcare industry: Impact, applications, and tools,” Big Data Min. Anal., vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 48–57, 2019, doi: 10.26599/BDMA.2018.9020031.

    [9] L. M. Ang, K. P. Seng, G. K. Ijemaru, and A. M. Zungeru, “Deployment of IoV for Smart Cities: Applications, Architecture, and Challenges,” IEEE Access, vol. 7, pp. 6473–6492, 2019, doi: 10.1109/ACCESS.2018.2887076.

    [10]     B. P. L. Lau et al., “A survey of data fusion in smart city applications,” Inf. Fusion, vol. 52, no. January, pp. 357–374, 2019, doi: 10.1016/j.inffus.2019.05.004.

    7.     Preparing Figures, Schemes and Tables

    • File for Figures and Schemes must be provided during submission in a single zip archive and at a sufficiently high resolution (minimum 1000 pixels width/height, or a resolution of 300 dpi or higher). Common formats are accepted; however, TIFF, JPEG, EPS and PDF are preferred.
    • All Figures, Schemes and Tables should be inserted into the main text close to their first citation and must be numbered following their number of appearance (Figure 1, Scheme I, Figure 2, Scheme II, Table 1, etc.).
    • All Figures, Schemes and Tables should have a short explanatory title and caption.
    • All table columns should have an explanatory heading. To facilitate the copy-editing of larger tables, smaller fonts may be used, but no less than 8 pt. in size. Authors should use the Table option of Microsoft Word to create tables.
    • Authors are encouraged to prepare figures and schemes in color (RGB at 8-bit per channel). There is no additional cost for publishing full color graphics.


    1. Ethics of Research and Publication
    • Ethics of Research

    Research involving Human Subjects

    Authors must state that studies involving subjects, materials, tissues, or data that concern humans were carried out in accordance with the 2013 revision of the 1975 Declaration of Helsinki ( Point 23 of this declaration states that prior to conducting the study or research, approval must be provided by an institutional review board (IRB) or other suitable ethical committee to ensure that the study complies with national and international standards. At least, a declaration letter involving the study identification code, approval date, and name of the Review Board or ethics committee.

    For instance, author states that “All authors agreed to participate in the research before they conducted the study. The project with identification code  (XXX) and its protocol has been approved by Ethics Committee, and the study was performed in conformity with the Helsinki's Declaration”.

    All participants in non-interventional research (e.g., questionnaires, surveys, and social media studies) must be informed if anonymity is ensured, the justifications for conducting the research, how the related information is exchanged, and any correlated risks. A related ethical committee must provide ethical approval before conducting the research for all studies incorporating humans.

    In case of ethical permission is not required, researchers are either obliged to present an exemption to the specialized committee or are advised to write their national regulations that identify that ethics approval is not needed for such kind of study. For any exempted research, the author should state the name of the approved ethical committee and comprehensive justification for exemption under the "Institutional Review Board Statement" section.

    A written agreement must be declared for publication by the shared patients. For any participant, all his related information must be described comprehensively except identified personal data unless this information is relevant to the study (e.g., particular symptoms on the faces and photos of the participants). Also, the initial identifiers and other personal identities must not be included in any photo. Informed consent must be signed by the patients or the relatives in charge before manuscript submission for Al-Khwarizmi Engineering Journal if it involves any personal data and/or photos of patients. The personal details that do not significantly affect the study like age, job, and ethnicity, must not be mentioned as much possible as can. An approval template form exists on the Journal website and it is available for download. A blank form version exempted from the patient's signature and names must be provided synchronously with manuscript submission. Editors are enabled to decline any manuscript that does not fulfill the imposed requirements.

    You are advised to download our sample form and deliver a suitable one by consulting your affiliated faculty or institute. To publish in Al-Khwarizmi Engineering Journal, a print, electronic and online approval form must be released for publication in reprinted and licensed works under open access mode. The Alkej has the right to acquire a signed form if needed along with the privacy and personality of the participant patient must be regarded.

    For studies that publish data about vulnerable individuals, double checks must be carried out. The editor in chief will go through the entire manuscript and may ask for consent forms if needed. The authors must provide justification regarding their study if it exposes to participants' races, gender, disability, ethnicity, sickness, etc.

    1. Ethical instruction for research using animals as case studies

    The editors will ask the authors whether there is any possible risk to the animals being studied, regardless of the potential merits of the study. Therefore, authors have to replace the animals with possible alternatives, minimize the potentially harmful influence by reducing the no. of experiments and corresponding conditions, and reduce the number of animals under investigation.

    Also, a full description of the used housing, pain addressing, and husbandry must be included within the submitted manuscript.

    Studies involving vertebrates or higher invertebrates must only be conducted after receiving approval from the relevant ethical committee, if required by national law. Section 'Institutional Review Board Statement' should at the very least include the project identification code, the date of approval, and the name of the ethics committee or institutional review board. The conduct of research processes must adhere to institutional and national regulations. Statements about animal welfare should attest that all applicable laws were followed throughout the study. According to the American Veterinary Medical Association, clinical research involving animals and interventions outside of standard care require the scrutiny of an ethics committee. Informed client consent must be sought and verified in the research article report if the study used client-owned animals. Owners have to

    If no national regulations organize such cases are available, authors must find an approved ethical committee to provide them with an exception.

    There should be awareness by the authors that their manuscripts will be assessed carefully by the editors and reviewers, in case of the unavailability of an animal ethical committee to review their application. From the ethical side, authors should declare a justification statement as the ethics committee utilitarian system does.

    1. Cell Lines Research

    Authors should mention the origin of studied cell lines in their research. For identified cell lines, a reference for published work or source should be provided.

    If used cell lines were used and not published before, authors must provide approval from the ethics committee. For instance, the type and source of cell lines and corresponding details must be given.

    1. Research Involving Plants

    The conducted experiments on farmed or wild plants must be agreed with national or international regulations.

    Authors must deposit the genetic information and origin of rare and non-standard plants in the herbarium and make them accessible upon request by future researchers to validate their identity or make re-categorization. The details like type, color, country of origin, company, supplier, ..etc.

    1. Registration of Clinical Trials

    ALKEJ adheres to the guidelines of the national committee at the Iraqi Ministry of Health that abide by the authors working in medical research centers to registerer their clinical trials in its public registry.

    For pure observational research, registration is not needed. Clinical trials are not limited to investigations conducted inside clinics or use pharmaceuticals but are extended to those that include group categorization and individual randomization under evaluation.

    We highly encourage authors to make pre-registration for their clinical trials in an international register for clinical trials and provide a reference for registration.

    Details of clinical trials must be provided upon registration as compatible with World Health Organization (WHO). Approval provided by any review body whether it is national or regional does not replace registration of clinical trials.

    1. Research that involves gender and sex

    The authors are encouraged to adhere to equality when mentioning Sex and gender in their research. To avoid any confusion when sex or gender terms are stated, the first one must be referred to the biological feature while the second one is stood based on cultural and social attributes.
    The authors must illustrate in the title and abstract of the study, which sex their research was applied to. Also, if there is any variety in gender and/or sex, it must be detailed in the research background. The design and methodology of the research must show sex and gender was taken into account. Territories and Geographic Borders and Potential conflicts on regions and borders are particular issue return to the authors in analyzing their study or in contact address of author or editor in chief, and they should be respected. In case of any prospective disagreement or compliant regarding the content, the editorial board will try to appease all the involved parties via a satisfied decision. Alkej sustains its objectivity pertaining jurisdictional assertions in institutions addresses and published geo-map.

    14.   Citation Policy

    The citation policy of Alkej involves some important points that each author must follow as indicated below:
    1. The published materials must be clearly cited by the authors even though their own work.
    2. The authors must be kept away from extra self-citation.
    3. For proper citation process, authors have to read the cited reference before involving it within the reference list.
    4. The authors must be far away from citation of his friends or institutions’ published materials.
    5. Based on the COPE regulations, the original statements taken form published materials must be placed between two quotation marks.