A study of Land Zoning in the base of Traffic Noise Pollution Levels using ArcGIS: Kirkuk City as a Case Study

  • Shno Mustafa Ali College of Engineering/ University of Kirkuk
  • Ako Rashed Hama Department of Civil Engineering/ Komar University of Science and Technology
  • Younis Mustafa Ali Faculty of Engineering/ University of Sulaimania

Abstract

This study is an approach to assign the land area of  Kirkuk city [ a city located in the northern of Iraq, 236 kilometers north of  Baghdad  and 83 kilometers  south of  Erbil [ Climatic atlas of  Iraq, 1941-1970  ]  into different  multi zones by using Satellite image and Arc Map10.3,  zones of different traffic noise pollutions. Land zonings process like what achieved in this paper will help and of it’s of a high interest point for the future of Kirkuk city especially urban planning and economic issues of the city. Also, it may be considered as a reference in solving the traffic jam problems in the city. Transportations and sounds of horn of vehicles are the major sources of traffic noise pollutions .Vehicular traffic noise problems are contributed by various types of vehicles such as heavy and medium trucks or buses or automobiles. During this study, six major regions within the city were selected (Governorate region, Baghdad road, Al Wasti, Al Askary, Al Nasir and North garage). A survey for all those six regions were taken place  and noise measurements  were captured at points  or  near to the  intersections  for a duration of three different periods days per a week  [  Sunday 3rd , Monday 4th , and  Tuesday 5th] of January 2016. The results showed  a  high level of noise pollution and super passing on many occasions to the prescribed levels by Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) , maximum level noise pollution  value was 94.6 dB(A) in AlWasti region near to the road that leading to Kirkuk university , while minimum level noise pollution  value was 48 dB(A) in AlNasir region. As a result, a noise map zoning was prepared for Kirkuk City for top peak working three days. The prepared noise distribution map will help and could be used as a considerable point for the future during designing projects related to transportations. Also in another hand, the map reflected indirectly the amount of regional air pollutions. High distributed noise pollution zones means a zone of a high air pollutions levels specially Cox and Nox gaseous pollutions.

 

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Banerjee, D., S. K. Chakraborty, S. Bhattacharyya, and A. Gangopadhyay. "Appraisal and Mapping the Spatial-temporal Distribution of Urban Road Traffic Noise." International Journal of Environmental Science & Technology 6.2 (2009): 325-35. Print.

Khitoliya, R. K. Enviroment Pollution: Management and Control for Sustainable Development. New Delhi: S Chand, 2014. Print.

Li, Bengang, Shu Tao, R.w. Dawson, Jun Cao, and Kinche Lam. "A GIS Based Road Traffic Noise Prediction Model." Applied Acoustics 63.6 (2002): 679-91. Print.

Murthy, V. Krishna, Ahmad Kamruzzaman Majumder, Sanjay Nath Khanal, and Deepak Prasad Subedi. "Assessment of Traffic Noise Pollution in Banepa, A Semi Urban Town of Nepal." Kathmandu University Journal of Science, Engineering and Technology 3.2 (2010). Print.

P.Balashanmugam, V.Nehrukumar, K.Balasubramaniyan, and G.Balasubramanian. "Effect of Road Traffic Noise Pollution in Cuddalore Town: A Case Study." International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology. Research and Reviews, 21 Apr. 2015. Web. 11 Mar. 2017.

Shammi, Q. J. Text Book of Environmental Sciences. Jodhpur, 2007. Print.

Williams, I.d., and I.s. Mccrae. "Road Traffic Nuisance in Residential and Commercial Areas." Science of The Total Environment 169.1-3 (1995): 75-82. Print.

Yilmaz, Guzel, and Yuksel Hocanli. "Mapping of Noise by Using Gis in ŞAnliurfa." Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 121.1-3 (2006): 103-08. Print.

Published
2018-12-01
How to Cite
Ali, S., Hama, A., & Ali, Y. (2018). A study of Land Zoning in the base of Traffic Noise Pollution Levels using ArcGIS: Kirkuk City as a Case Study. Al-Khwarizmi Engineering Journal, 13(4), 137- 151. https://doi.org/10.22153/kej.2017.06.002