Kinetics of Electrochemical Removal of Nickel using Bio-electrochemical Reactor with Packed Bed Rotating Cylinder Cathode


  • Zahraa Zahraa A.kadhim Biochemical Engineering Department/ Al-Khwarizmi College of Engineering/ University of Baghdad, Iraq
  • Ali H.Abbar Biochemical Engineering Department/ Al-Khwarizmi College of Engineering/ University of Baghdad, Iraq



The kinetics of nickel removal from aqueous solutions using a bio-electrochemical reactor with a packed bed rotating cylinder cathode was investigated. The effects of applied voltage, initial nickel concentration, the rotation speed of the cathode, and pH on the reaction rate constant (k) were studied. The results showed that the cathodic deposition occurred under mass transfer control for all values of the applied voltage used in this research. Accordingly, the relationship between concentration and time can be represented by a first-order equation. The rate constant was found to be dependent on the applied voltage, initial nickel concentration, pH, and rotation speed. It was increased as the applied voltage increased and decreased as the initial concentration increased. Its relation to the applied voltage can be fitted as follows:

where ko =0.01695 min-1 and -β=0.431. pH and rotation speed have two dissimilar effects on the rate constant. Increasing the pH from 3-6 leads to an increase in the rate constant, while a decrease in the rate constant beyond pH=6 has occurred. Increasing the rotation from 100 to 300 rpm results in an increase in the rate constant. However, the rate constant decreases significantly beyond a rotation speed of 300 rpm.



Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Ali H.Abbar, Biochemical Engineering Department/ Al-Khwarizmi College of Engineering/ University of Baghdad, Iraq

جامعة بغداد ,كلية الهندسة الخوارزمي,قسم الكيميائية الاحيائية,بغداد,العراق


M. B. Abdul-Kareem and A. A. H. Faisal, “Permeable Reactive Barrier of Coated Sand by Iron Oxide for Treatment of Groundwater Contaminated with Cadmium and Copper Ions,” Al-Khwarizmi Engineering Journal, vol. 16, no. 2. pp. 47–55, 2020. doi: 10.22153/kej.2020.05.002.

M. H. S. • M. R. R. • A. Rezaei1 and Received:, “Sediment Toxicity and Ecological Risk of Trace Metals from Streams Surrounding a Municipal Solid Waste Landfill.” 2015.

Maha Taha* Israa Abdulwahab Al-Baldawi, “Effect of Mass Ratio on Phytoremediation of Nickel Contaminated Water.” 2022.

P. Panneerselvam, N. Morad, and K. A. Tan, “Magnetic nanoparticle (F3O4) impregnated onto tea waste for the removal of nickel(II) from aqueous solution,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 186, no. 1. pp. 160–168, 2011. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2010.10.102.

K. Jüttner, U. Galla, and H. Schmieder, “Electrochemical approaches to environmental problems in the process industry,” Electrochimica Acta, vol. 45, no. 15–16. pp. 2575–2594, 2000. doi: 10.1016/S0013-4686(00)00339-X.

A. H. A. Abbas H. Sulaymona, Sawsan A.M. Mohammedb, “Cadmium removal from simulated chloride wastewater using a novel flow-by fixed bed electrochemical reactor: Taguchi approach.” 2017.

A. H. Abbar, R. H. Salman, and A. S. Abbas, “Cadmium removal using a spiral-wound woven wire meshes packed bed rotating cylinder electrode,” Environ. Technol. Innov., vol. 13, pp. 233–243, 2019, doi: 10.1016/j.eti.2018.12.005.

J. V.-A. J.R. Hernández-Tapia, “Electrochemical reactor with rotating cylinder electrode for optimum electrochemical recovery of nickel from plating rinsing effluents,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 262. pp. 709–716, 2013. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2013.09.029.

Y. V. Nancharaiah, “Metal removal and recovery in bioelectrochemical systems: a review.” 2015.

L. L. L. J. Paul Chen, “Recovery of precious metals by an electrochemical deposition method.” pp. 1384–1392, 2005.


M. F. S. .A. Khattab, “Study the kinetics of electrochemical removal of copper from dilute solutions using packed bed electrode.” 2014.

T. Widayatno, “Kinetics of nickel electrodeposition from low electrolyte concentration and at a narrow interelectrode gap.” 2015.

C. Q. C. and J. Y. Lee, “Effects of Oxygen Reduction on Nickel Deposition from Unbuffered Aqueous Solutions : I . Deposition Process and Deposit Structure.” 1994.

K. Ignatova, “A study on the kinetics of the electrodeposition of Ni, Co and Ni-Co alloy in citrate electrolyte Part 1. The kinetic study of the independent electrodeposition of Ni and C.” 2015.

Widyarani Djaenudin, “Removal of nickel ion from electroplating wastewater using double chamber electrodeposition cell (DCEC) reactor partitioned with water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) leaves This.” 2017.

H. D. Doan, A. Weli, and J. Wu, “A combined photocatalytic and electrochemical treatment of wastewater containing propylene glycol methyl ether and metal ions,” Chemical Engineering Journal, vol. 151, no. 1–3. pp. 51–58, 2009. doi: 10.1016/j.cej.2009.01.041.

A. K. P. Chu, M. Fleischmann, and G. J. Hills, “Packed bed electrodes. I. The electrochemical extraction of copper ions from dilute aqueous solutions,” Journal of Applied Electrochemistry, vol. 4, no. 4. pp. 323–330, 1974. doi: 10.1007/BF00608974.

A. H. A. Duaa R. Saad, Ziad T. Alismaeel, “Cobalt Removal from Simulated Wastewaters Using a Novel Flow-by Fixed Bed Bio-electrochemical Reactor.” 2020.

D. R. Saad, Z. T. Alismaeel, and A. H. Abbar, “Removal of Cadmium from Simulated Wastewaters Using a Fixed Bed Bio- electrochemical Reactor,” Chem. Eng. Process. - Process Intensif., vol. 156, no. 12, 2020, doi: 10.1016/j.cep.2020.108097.

H. Luo, G. Liu, R. Zhang, Y. Bai, S. Fu, and Y. Hou, “Heavy metal recovery combined with H2 production from artificial acid mine drainage using the microbial electrolysis cell,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 270. pp. 153–159, 2014. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2014.01.050.

W. F. Cai, D. L. Geng, and Y. H. Wang, “Assessment of cathode materials for Ni(ii) reduction in microbial electrolysis cells,” RSC Adv., vol. 6, no. 38, pp. 31732–31738, 2016, doi: 10.1039/c6ra02082h.

Ruotolo, L.A.M. and Gubulin, J.C. Electrodeposition of copper ions on fixed bed electrodes: Kinetics and hydrodynamic study. Braz. J. Chem. Eng. 2002, 19 (1), 105.

Shayegh Boroujeny, B., Zaghian, N. (2021). Kinetic Study of Electrochemical Deposition of Nickel from Chloride Baths in the Presence of Saccharin. Progress in Color, Colorants and Coatings, 14(3), 149-160. doi: 10.30509/pccc.2021.81710




How to Cite

Zahraa A.kadhim, Z., & H. Abbar, A. . (2022). Kinetics of Electrochemical Removal of Nickel using Bio-electrochemical Reactor with Packed Bed Rotating Cylinder Cathode. Al-Khwarizmi Engineering Journal, 18(3).