Channel Estimation and Prediction Based Adaptive Wireless Communication Systems

  • Khalifa A. Salim Department of Information and Communication Engineering/Al-Khawarizmi College of Engineering/ University of Baghdad
  • Mohammed A. Abdalla Department of Information and Communication Engineering/College of Information Engineering/ University of Al-Nahrain
Keywords: channel estimation, adaptive communication

Abstract

Wireless channels are typically much more noisy than wired links and subjected to fading due to multipath  propagation which result in ISI and hence high error rate. Adaptive modulation is a powerful technique to improve the tradeoff between spectral efficiency and Bit Error Rate (BER). In order to adjust the transmission rate, channel state information (CSI) is required at the transmitter side.

In this paper the performance enhancement of using linear prediction along with channel estimation to track the channel variations and adaptive modulation were examined. The simulation results shows that the channel estimation is sufficient for low Doppler frequency shifts (<30 Hz), while channel prediction is much more suited at high Doppler shifts with same SNR and target BER=10-4. It was shown that the performance at higher Doppler frequency shifts (<30Hz) was improved by more than 2dB over channel estimation at target BER=10-4 and 32QAM constellation used.

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