Experimental and Theoretical Study for Performance Enhancement of Air Solar Collectors by Using Different Absorbers

  • Ahmed A. Mohammad Saleh Department of Mechanical Engineering / University of Technology
  • Taher Abbas Rashid Department of Mechanical Engineering / University of Technology
Keywords: air solar, collector performance, pours media

Abstract

An experimental and theoretical study has been done to investigate the thermal performance of different types of air solar collectors, In this work air solar collector with a dimensions of (120 cm x90 cm x12 cm) , was tested under climate condition of  Baghdad city with a (43° tilt angel)  by using  the absorber plate (1.45 mm thickness, 115 cm height x 84 cm width), which was manufactured from iron painted with a black matt.

The experimental test deals with five types of absorber:-

 Conventional smooth flat plate absorber , Finned absorber , Corrugated absorber plate, Iron wire mesh on absorber And matrix of porous media  on absorber .

The hourly and average efficiency of the collectors were investigated for three values of mass flow rates (0.016 kg/s to 0.027 kg/s) for each type of collector and then the porosity for the last collector type was tested by changing the porosity of porous media.

A typical air solar collector has been studied Theoretically to build a standard software for testing any type of air solar collectors with local weather data .

From the experimental study  it can be seen  by using some obstacle material to the air flow (fins, corrugated absorber plate, iron wire mesh porous media on the absorber) could be enhanced the efficiencies not less than 4 %  for  finned type and 8 % for corrugated and 25 % for mesh and 30  %  for porous media comparing with flat plate (smooth) collector .

Theoretically, the results showed that the collector with high convention heat transfer coefficient porous media has high  hourly efficiency about (η = 56 %) and iron wire mesh on absorber ( η = 52 % ), on the other  side the minimum  performance occurred in the  flat plate absorber  (η = 28  %).

Comparison of results reveals that the theoretical predictions agree reasonably well with experimental results. And the difference between the theoretical   and experimental efficiency in general was between (1─ 15 %).

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Published
2017-12-18
How to Cite
Mohammad Saleh, A., & Rashid, T. (2017). Experimental and Theoretical Study for Performance Enhancement of Air Solar Collectors by Using Different Absorbers. Al-Khwarizmi Engineering Journal, 12(3), 110- 120. Retrieved from https://alkej.uobaghdad.edu.iq/index.php/alkej/article/view/313
Section
Articles