Travel Time Prediction Models and Reliability Indices for Palestine Urban Road in Baghdad City
Travel Time estimation and reliability measurement is an important issues for improving operation efficiency and safety of traffic roads networks. The aim of this research is the estimation of total travel time and distribution analysis for three selected links in Palestine Arterial Street in Baghdad city. Buffer time index results in worse reliability conditions. Link (2) from Bab Al Mutham intersection to Al-Sakara intersection produced a buffer index of about 36% and 26 % for Link (1) Al-Mawall intersection to Bab Al- Mutham intersection and finally for link (3) which presented a 24% buffer index. These illustrated that the reliability get worst for link (2), (1) and (3) respectively during the peak period. Extra delay is observed on link(1), (2) and (3) in terms of 95% percentile travel time of about (301.9, 219.4, and 193.8)sec. for Link (1, 2 and 3) respectively. Higher value for 95% travel time is obtained for link (1). Travel time index (TTI) of 4.2 %, 4.9% and 4% is obtained for Link (1, 2 and 3) respectively. Maximum value for delay per km that obtained for link (1) which is about 266 sec/km and 268 sec./km for link (3) and 244 sec/km for link(2). Different predicted model for the three studied links of Palestine street have been developed based on the obtained field data. A best fit is presented as compared the predicted models with the observed field travel time data for all the models of studied links which illustrated that the predicted model can present the actual field data.
Keywords: Delay, Buffer Index, Travel Time, predicted model, Reliability, Urban Arterial.
Copyright: Open Access authors retain the copyrights of their papers, and all open access articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided that the original work is properly cited. The use of general descriptive names, trade names, trademarks, and so forth in this publication, even if not specifically identified, does not imply that these names are not protected by the relevant laws and regulations. While the advice and information in this journal are believed to be true and accurate on the date of its going to press, neither the authors, the editors, nor the publisher can accept any legal responsibility for any errors or omissions that may be made. The publisher makes no warranty, express or implied, with respect to the material contained herein.